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Everything You Need to Know on How to Epoxy a Basement Floor

If you’re a homeowner who has been looking to upgrade their basement floors, epoxy coatings are a challenging yet beautiful approach to do so. Epoxy coatings are an excellent choice compared to standard floor paint, which can chip and peel.

Epoxy coatings are easy to mix, adhere to basement floors, and easily withstand heavy furniture. It also stands up to spills and stains, making this an excellent choice for families with small children.

If you’re looking for a low-maintenance option for your basement floor that lasts a long time, epoxy floors are a great option! Below, we’ll discuss more in-depth how to epoxy a basement floor

Everything You Need to Know on How to Epoxy a Basement Floor

How to Epoxy a Basement Floor: Types of Epoxy

The first thing you should know when learning how to epoxy a basement floor is that there are three different types of epoxy for a basement floor. 

Water-Based Epoxy

Water-based epoxy, similar to latex paint, is one of the most straightforward types of epoxy for basement floors. Water-based epoxy makes for much easier cleanup than solvent and solid epoxy. Water-based epoxy also contains between forty and sixty percent solids and has few hazardous fumes.

In addition, water-based is a great choice for basement floors as it adheres to concrete and is resistant to water and other chemicals. Its features include a wide selection of color options and coatings. 

Solvent-Based Epoxy

Like water-based epoxy, solvent-based epoxy contains between forty and sixty percent solids and has been the top selection of epoxy for many years. Solvent-based epoxy has excellent adhesion to concrete, is available in many colors, and provides exceptional durability and performance.

However, solvent-based epoxy includes volatile organic compounds. When using this epoxy, everyone in your home, including pets, must be out of your home. When applying solvent-based epoxy, professionals should open windows and wear a respirator.

With the current volatile organic compound regulations, professionals use solvent-based epoxy less.

Solid Epoxy

The last type of epoxy is solid epoxy, the more expensive but still a great choice. When using a solid epoxy, the epoxy will begin to harden within thirty minutes. Because of its quick hardening time, professionals should mix solid epoxy in small batches and use a trowel to apply.

Solid epoxy can last for over twenty years when appropriately installed by a professional. Since drying times differ depending on the product, solid epoxy only takes hours to dry compared to solvent and water-based epoxy, which takes days. Since solid epoxy is challenging to find and hardens quickly, only a professional should apply solid epoxy to a basement floor. 

Epoxy Basement Floor Pros and Cons

Pros

  1. Keeps Out Moisture – Since basements are often damp and humid spaces, keeping out moisture is essential. An epoxy basement floor creates a hard coating over the flooring to keep moisture from rising. 

  2. Has a Durable Finish – When you have an epoxy coating on your basement floor, it will not chip or crack. Epoxy coatings on basement floors can last for over twenty years because they can resist scratches. 

  3. Resistant to Mold – Since epoxy coatings are nonporous, they are mold-free. Even though mold can still grow under area rugs and damp furniture, it can’t adhere to an epoxy floor.

  4. Easy to Clean – When you have an epoxy basement floor, your floor will resist spills, chemicals, and other stains. Occasional cleaning, like sweeping or vacuuming, can keep your epoxy floors clean.

Cons

  1. Curing Time – After applying the epoxy to your basement floor, it may take up to seventy-two hours for curing. Before completion, it may seem dry, but if you put down an area rug or move around furniture, it may show imperfections.

  2. Slippery When Wet – When applying an epoxy coating to a basement floor, you want its waterproof qualities to prevent moisture and mold. Since epoxy is non-absorbent, spilling liquid on an epoxy floor could make it slippery. 

How to Epoxy a Basement Floor

Prep and Clean the Surface

Cleaning your basement floor is the first step to applying epoxy to your basement floor. Remove all furniture and obstructions from your basement to efficiently clean the area. If there are any cracks in your basement floor, you should also repair these cracks.

Properly prepping and cleaning your surface will ensure your epoxy coating sticks to your basement surface.

Inspect for Moisture

No moisture should be present when applying an epoxy coating to a basement floor. Basements are prone to moisture because of their humid and damp areas, which may be difficult depending on the environment.

Epoxy floors often fail due to moisture issues, so inspecting to ensure no moisture is present is crucial to its success. Consider a different option if you cannot remove the moisture from your basement floor.

Apply a Primer

After adequately preparing the surface, a primer is the next step. You can use a primer with a paint roller and set it for the recommended drying time.

Apply the First Coat of Epoxy

You should thoroughly mix the epoxy before applying epoxy to your basement floor. Next, use the epoxy thinly and evenly spread out. Once applying the first coat of epoxy, it then needs time to set.

Apply the Second Coat of Epoxy

After the first coat of epoxy has been applied and set, you can use a second coat. You should apply a second coat of epoxy in the same way as the first. Give your basement epoxy floor the needed time to dry, and wait at least a week to return any furniture.

If you’ve been wondering how hard it is to epoxy a basement floor, it is a tedious process; using a professional to avoid costly mistakes is highly recommended.

Why You Should Choose Jersey Epoxy to Epoxy Your Basement Floor

At Jersey Epoxy, our experts apply epoxy coatings to residential basement floors. Our team of professionals uses special tools and techniques that can transform your once-dark basement into a functional masterpiece. When meeting with each homeowner, we take our time to discuss your unique style and personal preferences by offering a wide range of colors and finishes.

What’s the best part?!

Jersey Epoxy provides one-day epoxy basement floor services to upgrade your basement floors without disrupting the schedule of your home. Our experts can install a long-lasting epoxy coating on your basement floor using high-quality materials. If you want a quick and hassle-free solution, Jersey Epoxy can help!